Far from being a hidden world, Sky News has found that a network of smugglers is operating openly on the social media platform.

one smuggler even claimed he would be able to "make customers a british passport.

It comes as 27 people died while attempting to cross the Channel, one of the worst death tolls in recent years.

One of the most prolific smugglers posting onto Facebook is a man who says he lives in the Kurdish region of Iraq.

he claims to be able to get to stay.

The photos of the airlines are used without permission and there is no indication that British Airways or Air France are aware the images are being used in this way.

It shows part of the journey between Calais and the UK.

It's not just smugglers posting adverts.

They also share news about other migrant crossings.

Another man asks how much it costs to get into Britain.

A profile which appears to belong to a smuggler replies that it wouldn't work.

Another shares the news of the high number of migrants who died on Wednesday.

"Co-ordinating people smuggling is not allowed on Facebook and we work with law enforcement to tackle it.

"We use a combination of AI technology, human review and reports from our users and trusted partners to detect and remove posts like this."

Through multimedia storytelling we aim to better explain the world while also showing how our journalism is done.

No, not Priti Patel- but Jack Straw in June 2000 when 58 migrants suffocated in the back of a lorry as they were smuggled across the English Channel.

But the brutal fact is that over two decades of attempts to control the flow of seemingly desperate people- nobody in power in the UK or France has found a way to stop the crossings.

That's a long and complex question- but the fall of Communism and the later opening of the Channel Tunnel prompted the French and British governments to begin talking seriously about improving security at the English Channel.

People were on the move globally from the poorer south and east to the richer north and west.

International criminal people smugglers saw an opportunity to expand their business at the English Channel.

The network would contact migrants in camps on the French coast offering crossings and charge them around 6,000 euros ( £5,000 ) each to reach the UK.

And the fact that crossings have not reduced as the weather has turned towards winter, shows the smuggling operations are now major embedded enterprises with a steady supply of customers.

Official figures show the largest groups of migrants by nationality are from countries that are either unstable, very poor or known to have serious human rights abuses : In 2018, the UK and France signed another treaty in which the UK committed £42m to help the French security operation.

The new plan is the Home Office's Nationality and Borders Bill.

That brings us to talk of "push back" operations- broadly inspired by Australia's controversial use of such tactics in international waters.

Many want to come because of ties to the UK through family, language or culture.

As a consequence, according to figures provided to MPs last week, only five people who have arrived by small boat have been returned to Europe this year.

Authorities are grappling with a "cellular structure" of people smugglers across Europe as they try to tackle small boat crossings in the English Channel, the National Crime Agency ( NCA ) has said.

"Organised crime groups capitalised upon this as these forms of attempted crossings required a relatively low level of sophistication," it added.

both increase the risks to migrants."

Those held in the operation included nationals of Iraq, Pakistan, Romania and Vietnam, and the NCA said there had been a shift from "traditionally homogenous" ways of operating to groups of different ethnicities and nationalities working together.

Mr Bonfield said the "vast majority" of organised crime behind Channel crossings happens outside the UK, but some gang members were in the country.

They include an Iraqi man who was jailed in October, after bragging about smuggling more than 100 migrants into the UK in small boats and conspiring to organise more crossings.

Addressing the House of Commons on Thursday, the home secretary said the disaster that killed at least 27 asylum seekers in the Channel had strengthened "determination to stop vile people smuggling gangs".

"The criminals that facilitate these journeys are motivated by self-interest and profit, not by compassion," Ms Patel said.

Analysis of Home Office data by the Refugee Council shows that the majority of those trying to cross the Channel in small boats in 2020 and 2021 come from a handful of countries.

The number of people using the route from France to Kent has increased sharply since the phenomenon of small boat crossings began to surge in late 2018.

That picture hadn't changed from the two years before.

The top country of origin then, as in the most recent analysis, was Iran.

It is also possible that people smugglers trafficking people from other countries are increasingly using small boats.

The reason why Iranians were the first group to appear to attempt to use small boats was unclear at the time, but speculation included changes in visa rules in some European countries that could have prompted a surge in people leaving Iran.

Another group which is known to frequently seek asylum in the UK are Iranian Kurds, who, like many Kurds, come from a group that has long-sought its own homeland.

Since then, a civilian coalition that had been sharing power with the military has been overthrown in another coup, adding to the instability and prompting further protests.

Syrians flooded out of the country in 2015 during the European Migrant Crisis, with up to a million being given sanctuary in Germany, but many who stayed at the time have continued to flee as the war has continued, albeit at a lower level.

Afghanistan Even before the Taliban earlier this year took back the country from which they were unseated in 2001, the increasingly unstable security situation was making life highly dangerous for many Afghans.

Kuwait Many of the Bedoun minority, of which there are possibly hundreds of thousands in Kuwait, remain stateless and find accessing public services impossible.

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